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    Full name:
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
    Population: 89.7 million (UN, 2012)
    Capital: Hanoi
    Largest city: Ho Chi Minh City
    Area: 329,247 sq km (127,123 sq miles)
    Major language: Vietnamese
    Major religion: Buddhism
    Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
    Currency: Vietnam Dong = VND
    International dialling code: +84
    GNI per capita: US $1,270 (World Bank, 2011)


Politics: Vietnam is a one-party Communist state
Independence: September 2, 1945.
Constitution: April 15, 1992.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state and chair of National Defense and Security Council) and prime minister (heads cabinet of ministries and commissions). Legislative--National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme People's Court; Prosecutorial Supreme People's Procuracy.
Administrative subdivisions: 58 provinces, 5 municipalities (Can Tho, Haiphong, Danang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City).
Political party: Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) with over 3 million members, formerly (1951-76) Vietnam Worker's Party, itself the successor of the Indochinese Communist Party founded in 1930.
Suffrage: Universal over 18.

Industry: Food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building
Agriculture: Paddy rice, corn, potatoes, rubber; poultry; fish
Main exports: Petroleum, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, clothing. It is becoming a major manufacturing centre; it is the second biggest supplier of clothes to the US.
Last updated: 07/18/2015
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